|Mutianyu Section is the essential part of the Great Wall, it is also one of the Top 16 Scenic Sites in Beijing City.|
The Mutianyu (慕田峪) Section of Great Wall is located in Huairou County(怀柔县)of Beijing. It was built by General Xu Da in early Ming Dynasty, based on the wall's old site from the Northern Qi (北齐, 550–577 AD) in the era of Northern and Southern Dynasties.
Traditionally, the Mutianyu Section of Great Wall has been the important military communication area in Beijing. It meets the Juyongguan (居庸关) in Changping County (昌平县) to the west and Gubeikou (古北口) in Miyun County (密云县) to the east. Mutianyu has also been known as "Dangerous Mountain and Heroic Pass", where a few famous wars were fought in the Ming Dynasty.
Six Features of Mutianyu
First, Mutianyu Section of the Great Wall distinguishes itself by unique architectural style and passes of strategically significance. On both sides of this section, merlons or Duokou(垛口) were built.
Second, Mutianyu boasts beautiful scenery in four seasons: in spring, you can feast your eyes on the wild flowers’ blossom and breathe in their fragrance deeply; In summer, you can appreciate the green mountains and singing brooks; In autumn, Mutianyu is a wonderland of colorful leaves and in winter it will assume a tranquil air under the cover of snow. Nowadays the Mutianyu Section of Great Wall is verdant, with about 96 percent of the area is covered with vegetation. This is unseen in other sections of the Great Wall Region.
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Mutianyu in Spring:it owns unique architectural style, dense enemy watching towers and passes of strategically significance
|Mutianyu in Summer: Different with other sections of the Great Wall, Mutianyu is covered with lush vegetation|
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Mutianyu in Autumn
Mutianyu in Winter
Third, Mutianyu Pass differs itself from Juyongguan, Shanhaiguan and Jiayuguan Passes, it is composed of three hollow enemy watching towers connected together. The co-existence of Mutianyu Pass and three enemies watching towers in the southeast area is a rare seen phenomenon.The middle building is the biggest, flanked by two subsidiary architectures. Atop of the three towers stand three enemy watching pavilions. What is special here is the entry door of the pass does not sit in the middle of the pass, but in the east side, which is rare seen.
Fouth, Mutianyu has extraordinary dense enemy watching towers. From Dajiaolou to Zhengguantai or Mutianyu Pass, there are four enemy watching towers set up less than 500m. This is very unusual.
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Enemy Watching Towers Among the Mist
Deserted Enemy Watching Towers
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the Well-preserved Enemey Watching Tower in Mutianyu
Nine Eyes Tower(九眼楼): the biggest enemy watching tower
Fifth, Mutianyu has double merlon (Duokou,垛口), thus soldiers can fight enemies on both sides, and this indicates the key military status of it.
Sixth, Mutianyu has inner and outer stretches meanwhile, they are The Edge of Bald Tail(秃尾巴边) and the part connected to Muzi Number Eleven Tower(慕字十一台) respectively.
Mutianyu is full of ups and downs. The lowest point of this section is the 486 m high Mutianyu Pass, which rises eastward to Dajiaolou(大角楼) or Muzi Number One Tower(慕字一台) with a height of 117m within 500m.
From Muzi Number Twenty Tower to “The Edge of Cow Horn”, it ascends to a height of 1039 m in short distance, which is a spectacular scene. In the two sites known as "Arrow Nock"(箭扣，Jiankou) and "An Eagle Flying as Lying Position,鹰飞倒仰", the great wall clings to the cliffs with angles of 50 degrees, and there is one part with an angle of nearly 90 degree, the steps is very narrow, only the most courageous people dare to tread on them.
|Mutianyu is full of ups and downs, from Muzi Number Twenty Tower to “The Edge of Cow Horn”, it ascends to a height of 1039 m in short distance, which is a spectacular scene.|
Must-sees of&near Mutianyu
Mutianyu Section is the essential part of the Great Wall, it is also one of the Top 16 Scenic Sites in Beijing City. By now, the open section of Mutianyu stretches as long as 2250meters. Blessed with famous scenic spots include Arrow Nock, The Edge of Cow Horn(牛犄角边)，"An Eagle Flying as Lying Position,鹰飞倒仰", it enjoys reputation home and abroad.
Mutianyu Pass differs itself from Juyongguan, Shanhaiguan and Jiayuguan Passes, it is composed of three hollow enemy watching buildings which are connected together. The middle building is the biggest, flanked by two subsidiary architectures. Atop of the three enemy watching buildings stand three watch pavilions. What is special here is the position of the entry door of the pass does not sit in the middle of the pass, but in the east side, which is rare seen.
Mutianyu Pass(慕田峪关台，正关台), the lowest part of Mutianyu, is 486m above sea level. The co-existence of Mutianyu Pass and three enemies watching towers in the southeast area is a rare seen phenomenon
Inner Stretch of the Great Wall(内支城) in Mutianyu
It refers to the 1000m long section from Mutianyu Pass to 大角楼, enemy watching buildings are built along it, people give it a nickname as”秃尾巴边”, which literally means “the edge of bald tail.”
“the edge of bald tail”
China Fantastic Stone Park(中华梦石城)
It is the first park themed with bizarre stones in China. located at the foot of Mutianyu section of the Great Wall, it covers an area of 33000 m2 and shelters over 20000 m2 bizarre stones collected from nationwide. Within it nearly one thousand scenic spots scatter here and there, and you can feast your eye on the most eye-dazzling stones here.
Huairou Cultural Museum of the Great Wall(怀柔长城文化博物馆)
This over 200m2 antique architecture consists of three theme sections: the history of Huairou city, the Great Wall in Huairou and the exhibition of the unearthed relics of the Great Wall. You can gain better ideas of the legend and mystery of this world wonder here.
The Number One Cable Car in the Great Wall
Besides tour the Great wall by hiking, you can also take the cable car in some sections as a alterative. Mutianyu Cableway covers a distance of 723 m, and ends at an altitude 640 m above sea level. Take a cable care will be a comfortable experience offering you unique perspective to see the Great Wall from above.
Shibide Slideway in Mutianyu Section Great Wall is 1580 m in length, with ultimate speed of 30km/hour.
The Edge of Cow Horn(牛犄角边)
The Great Wall climbs to the summit of the mountain from its middle part, and plunges into the middle of the mountain again before it rises abruptly again to a site 940 m above sea level. The zigzag course resembles the cow horn, thus deprives its name from here.
The Edge of Cow Horn(牛犄角边)
The imposing Dajiaolou sits at the highest part of Mutianyu Great Wall’s east area, it is one of the most notable sites. It greets Badaling Section of the Great Wall in the west , Gubeikou in the east and Neizhicheng in the south. Seen from any angles, it looks like a cape of castle, thus derives its name as Dajiaolou.
The Great Wall Villa(长城山庄)
The Great wall villa is composed of antique architecture clusters nestling among the mountains. You can catch a glimpse of the Great Wall in its yards and experience something total different here.
Arrow Nock(箭扣): the most beautiful and dangerous section of the Great Wall 10km from Mutianyu
Arrow Nock Section of the Great Wall is built along the undulating cliffs 1000 meters above sea level, 10 km from Mutianyu. It is the most dangerous, most primitive and beautiful part of the Great Wall, also the holly place for photographers and hikers. The construction methods of "Arrow Nock"(箭扣，Jiankou) is very brilliant. However, it poses as a challenge to climb and you will find it a very memorable experience. This site is blessed with rich natural and cultural scenic sites include "Arrow Nock"(箭扣，Jiankou) ,"An Eagle Flying as Lying Position,鹰飞倒仰", the dangerous pass Xianyu(仙峪)，Pear Spring(珍珠泉) and stone carvings and inscriptions.
The Edge of Cow Horn(牛犄角边) built along the 1000m high cliffs in the northwest area and "Arrow Nock"(箭扣，Jiankou) as well as "An Eagle Flying as Lying Position(鹰飞倒仰)" built along precipitous mountains are two most amazing scenic spots near Mutianyu. The whole section of Mutianyu caters to the undulating of terrains, and looks like a giant dragon ready to fly. It is the essential part of the Great Wall.
the Extremely Steep Part of Arrow Nock
| "An Eagle Flying as Lying Position(鹰飞倒仰)"|
Admission: 45 RMB/ person, favorable price is 25RMB/ person
Open time: 8:00---6:00
Best Travel Season: All Year Around
Getting There By Bus: Tourist Bus No.6 from Xuanwumen, Qianmen and Dongsi Shitiao; or take Bus No.916 from Dongzhimen to Huairou, and then change to a local bus or hire a taxi (17 km);
Cable Car: 45RMB/Person (single trip) 65RMB/Person (round trip)
Sideway: 50RMB/Person (Single Trip) 65 RMB/Person (Round Trip)
Mutianyu Section of Great Wall is steep and Arrow Nock near Mutianyu is dangerous in particular,thus take care when climbing;
Wear the mountain climbing shoes, flashlights, umbrellas and drinking water;
If you plan to stay near the Great Wall, please prepare warm coats;
Prepare some medicines to protect your from snake bite,fever, motion sickness;
Do not adventure to visit it unless you are familiar with the route, or at least some one knows.
There is no signal in the mountain, and your cellphone will have no use;
Let the strogest one goes after every one;
You have to prepare lunch by yourself, as to water, you can buy them here, it is 10RMB/ bottle;
If you are carrying a pet with you, better prepare a bag, before there are some sites too steep for them to climb;
Gloves are necessities, and you can prepare some kneepads.