Six kilometers from downtown Congjiang County dwells Basha Miao Village
, a hidden kingdom occupied by the legendary Basha Miao people
, who are the only authorized civil gunmen
and the last "barbarians" in China
. Legend had it that Chiyou, the ancestor of Miao Nationality, has three sons, and Basha people are the descendants of Chiyou’s youngest son.
| Basha people greet guest in their own way: Basha men will stand in front of the village entry and play Lusheng (a music instrument with several bamboo pipes) while girls will present rice wine contained within horns to guests. Then, men will shoot into sky three times as a sign of warm welcome. After that, you can enter their village and enjoy the ethnic flavor shows.|
Tranquil and seclusive, Basha Miao Village is a piece of paradise for outcasts and nature fans alike. For thousands of years, it remains undisturbed and unknown to outside word. In this place ignored by God himself, the most unique customs and ancient beliefs survive and thrive.
Basha people live on cultivating rice, fishing and hunting. Due to its extreme remoteness, they live a self-sufficient and isolated life during the past millennia. Basha men are notable for their quaint attires, fancy and weird hairstyles as well as barbarian lifestyles. Nurtured in forest, Basha men are born hunters and warriors, who can climb the trees like monkeys and hunt like leopards. Baisha women, who are not less brave and unrestrained, do not lack of feminine charm. When dressed up with embroidery decorated attires and sparkling silver jewelries, they are stunning fairies amid the woods. After harvest time, men will hang out together hunting and women will stay in home, cooking and weaving.
About Basha Miao Village, one anecdote prevails like this: once upon a time, a team of Japanese folklore experts plunged into Guizhou to trace their ancestor lineage. Get lost during the maze of forest, they were exhausted and ran out of provisions. At this critic point, a group of “wild men” came to their rescue. Beholding the Basha people whose attires and hairstyles bearing great similarity to that of their ancient warriors, for a moment, these Japanese thought they were the incarnations of their deceased ancestors.
|Basha Miao people's treasure house|
For Basha men, four things are most important: Hugun(their braids), guns, strong bodies and outstanding fishing&hunting skills. Inherited from Chiyou who lived over 5000 years ago, Hugun, a symbol of gender, masculinity and maturity, could be the most ancient hairstyle living in China. For outsiders, the most incredible and thrilling part lies in observing how these “barbarians” have their hairs cut by a sickle.
Baisha people worship trees and sun. Their hairs symbolize the trees and their clothes symbolize the trucks. “Born from nature, return to nature” is their prevailing philosophy. Hence, you can seldom see trees cut down by local people.
|Baisha Miao People live a self-supply life, they produce fabrics by themselves|
When it comes to romance, Basha people adopt a more free, direct and bold approach. After one day’s labor, they will gather together, singing, dancing and flirting. Their love and moral code vary dramatically with ours: in their opinion, embraces symbolize admire and love, hence the more charming a girl is, the more hugs she will get from men. If she succeeds in obtaining a warm hug from a man out of the village, then she will be regarded as the most attractive girl. Thus, in a party, you can see one young man can hold several girls meanwhile, and no one will feel offended. Rumor has it that during daytime, whenever a male outsider passes by, girls will flirt with them. Sometimes, these gentlemen will flee away in great terror and become the laughing stock of them.
Coming of Age Ritual
Each Baisha boy will undergo the holy Coming of Age Ritual when reaching 7 to 15 years old: on that day, he will go out hunting and fishing with friend and host a barbecue. The ritual performer named Guishi (Ghost Teacher) will have his hair shaved into Hugun(only the strands of hairs in the upper middle area are left for braids) and guide him go through other ceremonies strictly. After all is done, this Basha boy will be given a rifle, which marks he has become an adult officially.
Admission Fee: Free If you want to enjoy their singing and dancing, it will charge 10¥
Best Travel Seasons: spring, summer and autumn
Climate: Belonging to subtropical climate, it is blessed with mild weather all year around. January and July, the coldest and hottest month here, has average temperature of 5℃and 25℃ respectively. Annual average temperature: 14℃-18.5℃
Rainfall: May and June signal the rainy season. Dec, Jan and Feb are dry season.
What to bring: umbrellas, raincoats, sunglasses, sunscreen, anti-mosquito spray, hiking shoes and coat.
Cuisine: Roasted Pork, Sour Soup Fish
Accommodation: you can live in the village
Guiyang to Congjiang county: you can take the long distance bus departing around 9:00am.(notice this bus is issued one time per day)
Cogjinag County to Basha Miao Village: it is 7km from Congjiang County to Basha Village, you need to rent a van or a motor tricycle with a fee of 10¥