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Wave Subduing Hill (Fubo Hill)

Wave-Subduing Hill (Fubo Hill) occupies the northeast area of downtown Guilin and the west bank of Lijiang River, the intersection of Binjiang Road and Fengbei Road. Covering an area of 0.86 hectares, this hill elevated at 213m slides into Lijiang River gracefully, borrowing its name from the fact that the peak descends into the river, blocking the waves, and from a historical hero called General Fubo in Han Dynasty. Combining mountain, river, caves, pavilions, pools, buddha statues and stone inscription, this limestone hill epitomizes the essence of Guilin’s landscape and the pinnacle of its culture. Fames as “Fubo Fairyland”, it ranks as the first batch of National 4A scenic site. It is famous for Pear-Returning Cave, Sword-Testing Rock, Kuishui Pavilion, one giant bell and one Thousand-People Boiler. In case you are bored with the city life, this place can be an ideal haunt for a leisurely afternoon. 

 (click these photos to enlarge)

 

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The antique Fuboshengjing Arch serves as the prelude, whose columns are decorated with lengthy couplets. Ascending further, you will follow a U-shaped sighting-seeing corridor to explore the labyrinth of courtyards,caves and pavilions. The summit of this hill provides a gorgeous panoramic view of Guilin city. Standing on the summit, you can see the white churches of Solitary Beauty Peak, Elephant Truck Hill and Seven Star Park.



Highlights of Wave-Sudduing Hill



Bell Pavilion



Sitting at the south ridge of Wave-Subduing Hill, Bell Pavilion measures 4.7m high, 4.5m wide and 4.4m long, covering an area of 19.8 m2. What makes it special is a bell it shelters. Built in 1669, this  2.5-meter high artwork is associated with a famous patriotic general of Ming dynasty: Kong Youde. Dedicating his lifetime to sustain the reign of Ming dynasty, he committed suicide the day Guilin fell prey to Qing dynasty. Fifteen years later, his grand-daughter casted this bell weighing 2524kg to memorize him. To protect this bell from Qing dynasty’s rulers, she made it under the disguise of religion. Thus, do not be tricked that the names engraved on the bell are donors’ names as it claims, they are all the soldiers and generals of Kong Youde. Thanks to this lady’s little trick, this double identity bell survives till today and receives gaze from tourists worldwide.

 

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Kuishui PavilionBell Pavilion
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Mi FuGeneral Fubo( Ma Yuan)

 

Stone Inscriptions



A number of 112 pieces of stone inscriptions with various themes call Wave-Subduing Cave home. Among them, two belong to Tang dynasty, sixty two belong to Song dynasty, one belongs to Yuan dynasty, twenty-two belong to Ming and twenty four belong to Qing dynasty. The earliest two stone inscriptions dating back to Tang dynasty, which are over 1100 years old. One is called Record of Song Bokang Building the Statues, the other is named The Travelogue of Zhao Ge and Liu Xubai, which reveal the initial name of Pear-Returning Cave is East Cave.

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The stele carved on the facade of north cliff is the biggest stone inscription here. It measures 3.78m high and 3.95m wide, recording the process Wang Zudao(one local official) strengthened the reign over Guangxi and Guizhou through establishing three local states there called Jianpingzhou, Yunzhou and Congzhou. This stone inscription serves as precious material for us to study the central government’s policies over minorities groups at that era.

   
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The most precious stone inscription is the self-portrait sculpture and calligraphy of Mi Fu(1051-1107), one of the top four calligraphers in Northern Song dynasty. On top of his 0.45-meter high sculpture lies the calligraphy composed by Emperor Song Gaozong praising his talent and character. At the side of it sits the introduction done by his son. Under the statue is one narrative essay done by Fang Xinru regarding Mi Fu’s experience in Guilin (pity it is obscurity nowadays). With few authentic works of this calligrapher remain intact, this sculpture is one piece of priceless artwork.

 

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Wave-Subduing HillStone Insription




Sword-Testing Rock



Grotesque in shape, this rock dangles in the midair and has inspired numerous version of legends. One is that when the tip of this rock reaches the ground, a great scholar(zhuangyuan) will be born in guilin city, while the most popular one goes like this: During Han dynasty(220BC-220AD), there was a little country called Zhuchi, who nibbled massive area of China. Their invasion stopped after encountering the brave fight of one mighty general named Ma Yuan, also known as General Fubo during the war in Guilin. One day, the ambitious Zhuchi king sent one of his diplomat to Guilin to see the real ability of this general. General Fubo received him by person and escorted the diplomate to Pearl-Returning Cave. When they reached one giant stone column along the Lijiang River of this cave, Fubo General said: “let us see if the sword is sharp or not”. Then, he cut the stone column into two pieces. At this sight, the diplomate’s face turned pale. Awed by the outstanding strength of this general, he proposed to negotiate peace. The general replied: “peace is what i want also, but under one condition.” the diplomat asked: “What is that?”. The general replied: “you have to retreat the army first”. The diplomate asked: “How far?”. The general said: “one arrow’s shoot away”. Presuming that is not a big deal, this diplomate agreed without hesitation. The general leaded the diplomate to the mountain peak and did the archery. The arrow dashed forward with lightning speed, which passed several mountains and rivers till it landed to a far site. Overwhelmed by the wit and strength of this general, this diplomate had no choice but to retreat their army.


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Pearl-Returning Cave(Huanzhu Cave)



Formed by erosion,this cave boasts a history of over 10000 years. Several legends prevail regarding this cave: the first legend goes that there was a Dragon Palace under this hill. One day, the old dragon king was strolling along the Lijang River. Distracted by the enticing scenery, he lost his peal unfortunately. One fisherman happened to find this priceless treasure. When he reached home, one of his neighbor warned him that he should return this pearl, or the whole village will be submerged  by flood the minute the Dragon King find out. Considering life of his fellowers is more important than treasure, this fisherman returned the pearl. To memorize his virtuous deeds, this cave is named Pearl-Returning Cave.

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Except for intriguing legends and myths, Pearl-Returning Cave is famous for Buddha statues and one vivid self-portrait sculpture of Mi Fu(1051-1107). The interior wall of this cave is honeycombed with stone inscriptions and Buddha statues mainly dating from the Buddhism-obsessed Tang dynasty. Among them, there are 239 well-preserved Buddha statues and over 400 unformed ones.

 

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During ancient time, it had only one entry and was only accessible by boat. Nowadays, you can enter it from three entries. Varying from 4m to 6m in height and 6m to 8m in width, it stretches over 120m long and occupies an area of over 600m2. Consisting of one upper cave and one lower cave, it is home to the Fubo Pool of unfathomed depth.

 

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Thousand Buddha Cave



Nestling at the foot area of Wave-Subduing Hill, it comprises of three layers and is connected to Pearl-Returning Cave. A winding path leads to this tiered-cave which harbors 239 Buddha statues contained within 36 shrines. Characterized by exquisite handicraft, simple attires, benevolent expressions and graceful posture, these statues belong to late Tang dynasty. Some of these statues are accompanied by construction records. All of these masterpieces are of high aesthetic and research value.

 

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Tide-Hearing Pavilion



On the southeast cliff of Wave-Subduing Hill sits a two-story pavilion named Tide-Hearing Pavilion. Built during 1964, it serves as an ideal sightseeing platform and best site to watch sunrise. Backed by natural cliff with beautiful patterns as its wall, Tide-Hearing Pavilion features harmonious design and primitive flavor.

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Travel Tips


Location: downtown Guilin

Admission Fee: 30¥

Bleak Season: (December to March):7:00-18:00  Peak Season: (April to November): 6:00-18:30

Time needed: around 2 hours

Transportation: you can take Bus No.2 and get off at Fubo Sation(or Bus 58 and get off at Fubo Park Station)



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