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Lijiang Black Dragon Pool


Black Dragon Pool, also known as the Jade Fountain Temple (Yuquanmiao), is located at the foot of Longquan Hill, Lijiang ancient town. Among the several scenic sites in China share the same name, this one is the most famous.


Black Dragon Pool comprises two pools, one is crystal clear and the other is muddy, known as Black Dragon Pool and Huishui Pool respectively. Black Dragon Pool is over 600m2 and has a depth of 15m while the Huishui Pool is 2600m2 and measures only 0.5m. One interesting phenomenon here is that though connected, they never mix, thus forms the Taiji pattern of Yin and Yang. What is more bizarre is that fishes of two sides never cross the border also.


Around this lake, a chain of ancient architectures scatter leisurely along the 0.514 km2 lush forest which nurtures 12 thousand trees. If you want to appreciate the flowers, Plum Scenic Area and Azaleas Valley Scenic Area are ideal sites. The 0.285km2 Plum Garden is home to 5794 plum trees and there are over 100000 Azaleas in this area. By far, it has the largest number of rare and precious trees and flowers in Kunming. Besides, Tang dynastic plum, Song dynastic cypress and Ming dynastic camellia, three ancient trees within Black Dragon Pool, are very famous for their longevity. 


 Black Dragon Palace: Legend had it that long time ago, ten dragons attacked local people rampantly. Lv Dongbin, one of the Eight Immortals by Chinese myth, conquered all of them except the youngest one: little black dragon for the benefit of local people, hence its name.


What to see in Black Dragon Pool 

1 Black Dragon Palace: adjoining Black Dragon Pool, Black Dragon Palace was built in 1394 during Ming dynasty and shelters the statue of Dragon King. It features traditional layout, ancient flavor and tranquil environment. In 2000, large quantities of Gold Thread Fish churned out from the crystal water here and stirred wide interests among public.

2 Shangguan Scenic Area: also named as Longquanguan. The forehead of the entry gate is engraved with four characters: "Zi Ji Xuan Du”, which refers to the dwelling place of Ziji Emperor, the God of Daoism. 13 courtyards, big and small, cater to the undulating terrain and extend northward all the way to the mountain summit by five tiers. From lower area to upper area, they are: Zijixuandu Entry Gate, Leishen Palace (Thunder God Palace), Beiji Temple (North Pole Temple), Yuhuang Palace (Jade Emperor Palace) and Sanqing Palace respectively. On the two sides of Thunder God Palace erect two peacock fir trees of Yuan dynasty (1206-1368). One is still exuberant and thrusts itself into the sky 26m above the ground and develops a diameter of 1m. The other was stroke by thunder during 1979, thus the main body withered. However, new branches spring out from its remaining 10m high trunk magically. Nearby them stand two over 1000 years old twisted Cypress trees. Donghua Park, which sits on the east side of Stele Pavilion, harboring a considerable number of 100 years old plum trees of various species. During winter, one can see the gorgeous blossoms here.



 Yunnan: the homeland of camellia

 Plum Scenic Area:over 2000 plum trees of 82 species are planted here


 Dingfeng Pagoda

 Black Dragon Palace

Tang dynastic plum, Song dynastic Cypress and Ming dynastic camellia are honored as “Three Rare Trees”: The main body of the over 100 years old plum tree died in 1923, only one quarter of the truck still remains and gives birth to blossoms. Song dynastic Cypress sits in the front of Beiji Temple. Measuring 28m high, this ancient tree has a diameter of 1.4m and is blessed with twisted branches and thick foliages. Ming dynasty camellia: it is 8m high, with a diameter of 0.25m. During the winter when other camellias are still in hibernation, this over 400 years old camellia tree is already in full blossom. Trees with old age are usually under good protection in China. These three longevous trees are worshiped by tourists every day.

3 Plum Scenic Area: a collection of over 2000 plum trees of 82 species are planted here. Among them, 12 belongs to the rare species. Against the pine trees and bamboo, they constitute the scenery of "Three Gentlemen Plants during cold winter".

4 Red Marple Forest: to celebrate the return of Hong Kong in 1997, over 2000 red maple tree were planted here. When autumn comes, this 20 000m2 maple forest will offer the most eye-dazzling splendor.      
5 Azaleas Valley Scenic Area: located in the valley near Guomei Area, you can see over 100000 azaleas trees covering an area of 80 000m2.
6 Dingfeng Pagoda: it was built during Ming dynasty and was restored at the year of 1852 during the Qing dynasty, aiming to bring good Fengshui. This stone pagoda is characterized by fine sculptures, magnificent shape and the Daoism inscriptions. The pagoda we see today was repaired at 1993.


What is Fun

Built in 1737 during Qing dynasty, this scenic spot not only offers amazing natural scenery and rich cultural relics, but also various recreational activities such as ski, hiking, fishing, swimming, gliding, cliff climbing, cave adventure, spring-outing, horse riding, bamboo drifting, rope sliding, ice hockey, hunting on horseback, football on snow field and boating along the snow mountains.


 <<<<<<<<<<<Photos of Black Dragon Pool 


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