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Hui Nationality


 
 
The Hui Nationality (回族, Huízú) is the most widely distributed ethnic group in China. No matter who adopts this Chinese name, he is very thoughtful because Chinese character”回" consists of two ”口"(口,means mouth), we could tell from literary, it correspond with Mohammed’s propaganda and education which is matching word to deed.

Ancestors of the Hui People
 

During the middle of seventh century, with the open up of the sea route and Silk Road, numerous Persian and Arab Muslim merchants came to coastal cities in China, such as Guangzhou and Quanzhou and also some interior cities like Changan(nowXian) and Kaifeng. Not only just for the business, they also settled down and married to the local women. Later, at the beginning of the thirteenth century, Mongolian army headed to the West and conquered Arabic countries there. When they returned in triumph, a large number of Muslims working in business, education and art area also migrated into the Yuan Empire and lived scattered all over the country. From then on, till the end of Yuan Dynasty and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, these Muslims, absorbed some Han people, Mongolians as well as Uyghur, together with descendants of Arabs and Persians who moved to China in the old days, formed a new ethnic group in China: the Hui people
 
Brief introduction of Hui Nationality
 

Hui men with praye caps

Hui women with scarfs

a wedding of Hui People

 
Language: Chinese is a common language; Arabic is also used in the daily life but more often in  religion activities.Most of Hui people living in cities can only speak Chinese nowadays, espeacially the young, but those who living in the frontier regions may speak the local ethnic languages.  
Population: 981, 6802 (according to the fifth census)
Religion: Islam
Living area: Ningxia, Qinghai, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Neimeng, etc.
Hui's costume:The Hui people’s costume has a distinct and remarkable characteristic. In some Hui communities, the Hui people are still maintaining the Central Asia people's traditional dress appearance. Men are wearing white skullcap(praye cap) while women are wearing scarfs.
P.s.If you are a muslim, when you buy some food espeacially meat, make sure there are “ 清真 qīng zhēn” on the packaging bag.

Important Ethnic Festivals of Hui People
 
Important Ethnic Festivals of the Hui People are three traditional festivals in Islam: Lesser Bairam(开斋节kāi zhāi jié / 肉孜节 ròu zī jié), Corban Festival(古尔邦节,gǔ ěr bāng jié/宰牲节zǎi shēng jié) and Mohammed's Birthday(圣纪节,shèng jì jié ). All these festivals are calculated by the Moslem calendar.


 

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