Tibet has been an inseparable part of China’s territory since ancient time. In 13th century, during the Yuan Dynasty, the Yuan Government formally defined Tibet as one of its administrative districts. Later in 1653 and 1713, the emperors of Qing Dynasty respectively granted honorific titles to the 5th Dalai Lama and the 5th Panchen Lama and officially approved of their religious and political status in Tibet. From then on, each Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama should be recognized and authorized by the central government before their enthronement. In 1727, the Qing Government appointed the grand minister resident of Tibet, whose duty was to supervise the local administration on behalf of the central government. In 1793, the Qing Government issued the Authorized Regulations for the Better Governing of Tibet, which specified regulations for politics, economics, foreign affairs, religion, and military defense of Tibet. During the period of the Republic of China, the government continued administration over Tibet. After the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the central government officially notified the Tibet local government in 1950 for a negotiation about how to liberate Tibet peacefully. In February 1951, the 14th Dalai Lama delegated Ngapo Ngawang Jigme to negotiate with the central government. On May 23, 1951, the two came to agreement on peacefully liberating Tibet. Dalai Lama once called Mao Zedong and expressed his support for the agreement. In April 1956, Dalai Lama was appointed the chairman of Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region. In September 1965, Tibet Autonomous Region was finally established.
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