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Tibet Travel Guide, Tibet Tour Guide


Hi,everybody! We are Tongtong and Renren,glad be your guide for Tibet tours. Before you start a Tibet travel, you might have interest to know the brief introduction,like Tibet geography and Tibet climate; But facing a place so mystirous like Tibet, you certainly want to dig out more about her. Here, we provide more information which will help you know better about Tibet and make your Tibet tours more delightful.


 Overview of  Tibet     Legends about Tibet    Tibetan Natural Resources    Tibetan Wild Animals
Tibet  Buddhism Culture          Tibet Before 1959 VS. Tibet After 1959  
Tibetan New Year Festival            Tibetan Butter Lantern Festival                Tibetan Opera
Tibetan Holy Lakes :  Namtso Lake          Yamdrok Lake      Lake Manasarovar
Tibetan Top Mountains: Mt Kailash            Mt Everest

 Overview of Tibet

Tibet Travel Guide


►Place: Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region, TAR for short)  in Chinese 西藏 Xīzàng       
►Captial city: Lhasa      ►Area: 1,220,000 k㎡    ►Religion:Tibetan Buddhism
►Nation: Zang(occupies 92.2%),Han, Hui,Qiang, Monpas, Lhobas and other ethnics(about 2,000).
►Population:2,810,000(by 2006),most of them live in south and east of Tibet   
►Tour feature:  unique snow-covered scenery     ►Best time for traveling: July  to  September

►Geography:Tibet borders Xinjiang, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan internally while India, Burma,Bhutan, Sikkim, and Nepal meet its external borders.With an average height of more than 4,000 m above sea level, Tibet is encompassed by some of the world's highest mountains. The Himalayas to the south, the Karakoram to the west, and the Kunlun to the north are the dream lands of all adventurers and mountaineers. 
Nakchu那曲地区   Chamdo昌都地区   Nyingchi 林芝地区  Shannan山南地区   Ngari阿里地区  Shigatse日喀则地区
Tibetan Transportation:
The Qinghai-Tibetan Railway  was entirely opened to service since July 1,2006. Pangbadi Train is the best plateau train with oxygen provided. The advantage of going Tibet by train is so obvious, because the traveler can gradually cope the altitude as the train climbs up and enjoy the unique natural sceneries that cannot be seen when traveling by plane. It just takes 12 minutes from Geermu to Lhasa. So the train travels at daylight, then you can see the source of the Yangtze River - Tuotuojiang River, Tanggula Mountain Gap at 4718 m above the sea level, Tibetan antelopes passing through the Qingshuihe River Bridge, mysterious and extensive land and so on. At present, three branch lines are planned to build from Lhasa to Nyingchi, Shigatse, and Yadong by 2020.
Tibet Travel GuideTibet Travel Guide

A  train passing through Lhasa he River Bridge 

wild animals excite your tired eyes

There are Qingzang (Qinghai-Tibetan), Dianzang, Chuanzang (Sichuan-Tibetan), Xinzang and Zhongni Highways to Tibet; landslides often block Dianzang and Chuanzang Highways at the rain season. There is no bus route on Xinzang Highway. So Zhongni Highway is the only way provided for foreigners to enter Tibet. The section of Geermu to Lhasa of the Qingzang highway covers a length of 1164 kms. The road condition is the best among the five highways and covers about 80% of cargos as well as the first choice for free tourists entering Tibet. It passes through the Tanggula Mountain Gap at 5231 above the sea level and it takes about 24 to 36 hours to reach Lhasa, due to the long journey so breaking tires and bad weather are often, it is not ensured to be reached the destination on time. Also the cabin environment is not very good because it often two people to take a narrow seat with length 1.7m and width 1m and having to endure the height sickness and the smell of feet, so it is strongly advised that passenger to take seat just beside the windows which gives you a chance to enjoy the sceneries outside.



 Legends about Tibet

Among Tibetan society there is a popular legend about the ancestor of Tibetan people, and it was even recorded in a history  book named Xi Zang Wang Tong Ji.
It was said that Avalokiteshvara who lives in Putuo Mountain assigned a macaque to practice Buddhism from South China Sea to Tibet Plateau.The interesting thing was, a female ogre there tried to seduce the macaque  to organize a family with her but the request  was turned down  tactfully.Then the macaque was told or kind of threatened by the female orge that if they did not get married, she would kill all the creature.With the contradiction in the heart, the macaque asked  Avalokiteshvara for a suggestion.To his surprise, Avalokiteshvara said it was a huge good thing for propagating descendants. As a result,six macaques were born, and after three years, the quantity reached to five hundred.

For feeding his  descendants,with the help of Avalokiteshvara,the old macaque got the seeds of the five cereals and scattered to the land. Due to the sufficient  food, macaques were no need to pick the fruits any more.Therefore, their tails got short and short and even could speak.Gradually, they became human being whcih are ancestors of Tibetan people.
Today, if you join a Tibet tour, you  still can read this legend on the fresco of Tibet. And the people lives in Zedang(Tsedang), which is known well as a game place for macaques, will tell you the cave that macaques have been lived is right on the Gongbu Mountain.Moreover, Sala Village, 3km to Zedang, it is  said to be the first land for highland barley.So far, Tibetans will come here to grab a handful magic earth for praying a  good harvest during the sowing season .
Knowing more legends in our Tibetan attractions.

Tibetan Natural Resources

When you are planning a Tibet tour, surely, you will not miss the plentiful natural landscape. In such a fair place, the cemera is a must Tibetan traveling equipment. And, we promise whether you are a photographer or not, you could get the best pictures here. Because it is very simple to find "good models ". It is said that tourists even could appreciate the natural wonder here:  different views of four seasons in a mountain, different weather only 10 miles away. 

Tibet Travel Guide---Snow Mountains

Tibet Travel Guide----River

Snow Mountains: In Tibet, five mountains exceed the altitudes of 8,000 m (26,240 feet) and many of the mountains exceed the altitudes of 7,000 m (22,960 feet). Hence, southwestern Tibet has been a popular destination for mountaineers. Mt. Everest towers over the region. Besides, more than 40 snow capped peaks are open to mountain climbing enthusiasts. Each year, thousands of adventurers and mountaineers come to Tibet to challenge both nature and themselves. The mountains and peaks which caps white snow is considered as holy mountain for Tibetans.There are pious pilgrims who progress toward holy mountain  of worship by prostrating themselves under the sky and along the roads, making people humble and modest. Tibet, the last paradise under the sky, is truly a place where the spirit lives!
Tranquil Lakes and rivers: The vast land is also the cradle of several great rivers such as the Yangtze River, the Yellow River, the Nu River (Salween), the Lancang River (Mekong), the Yarlong Tsangpo (Brahmaputra), the Indus, and the Ganges. Tibet also offers awe-inspiring scenery of beautiful lakes and valleys. Over 1,500 lakes including Heavenly Lake Namtso and the holy Lake Manasarova make Tibet the plateau with largest amount of lakes. Without irrigation and nurturance of these rivers and lakes, the surrounding lands may not flourish. 

Tibet Travel Guide---Verdant virgin forestsTibet Travel Guide---Yarlong Tsangpo Grand Canyon


Verdant virgin forests: Southern Tibet also offers primeval forests, running waters, and a relatively mild climate, especially  Nyingchi. It is the third forest zone in China, occupying 80% forests of Tibet. Here, you can find almost every plants from Hainan Island to the  north pole area. It is the hometown for more than 3500 species. So we have several natural protection zones here: Motuo national wildlife sanctuary, Bomigang coniferous area.

Yarlong Tsangpo Grand Canyon, the deepest canyon in the world, is the home of rare plants and animals, and remains unknown to anyone other than the local people. In the depopulated zone, waterfall drops 30 to 50 meters to  provide you a booming voice  in that silent area. If you want to have a walking trip or ecotourism,you have six routes.The most special thing about grand canyon is, the river turns east-west way  into the south abruptly at the eastern Himalayas and pours  to the Indian Ocean, forming a big U-shape turning.

Besides,you also can find karst caves, naked rocks and Gobi in this broad area.

Tibetan Wild Animals

Tibet is an ideal paradise of wild animals. When you are traveling to Kenya, you will rent a jeep and look forward to seeing  leisurely wild animals. Now,you also can do this when you are in Tibet tours

We have good news from the plateau that the quantity of wild animals rises again because of many years' effective protection. The rare Bengal Tiger shows again after long time disappear. There are thirteen species of animals  which you can just find in Tibet, six birds and seven mammalia, occupying 10.4% of Tibetan valuable and rare wild animals. The representatives are: Equus Kiang, Cervusalbirostris, Bos mutus, Procaprapicticaudata, Lophura leuo melana, Tetraogallus tibetanus and Lopho phorus impe janus.


Tibet Travel Guide

Tibet Travel Guide----Tibetan antelope
Tibet Travel Guide-----presbytis entellus

Tibet Travel Guide----Equus Kiang



If  you are a pet lover, you might ever hear about Tibetan Mastiff.This is kind of dog with thick furs and quite good at enduring chilliness. Tibetans alway have them protect  possessions and food because Tibetan Mastiff have hostilities to all the strangers but very passionate to the host.



 Tibet Buddhism Culture

Tibet tours not only provide  magnificent natural views  but also some historical and cultural landscope, especially some religion sites.Among all the population of Tibet, most of them believe in Tibetan Buddhism, known well as Lamaism, but still near 2000 are Muslims and about 600 are catholics.
As you can see from the mentioned datas, Tibetan Buddhism(Lamaism) is the most important religion in Tibet which has a profound and overwhelming influence on Tibetans’ life. Buddhism was brought to Tibet in 7th century, and gradually infiltrated in the history, politics, economy, culture, education and custom of Tibetans.Through the course of absorbing, Lamaism forms its own features. For example: the unique reincarnation system.Dalai and Panchen are two living Buddha sytems.
 This ancient religion shines and shows endless charm for its profound philosophy and mysterious sadhana. The main schools are Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug. Nyingma is the oldest which founded by Padmasambhāva and Śāntarakṣita; Kagyu is an oral tradition which is very much concerned with the experiential dimension of meditation; Sakya represents the scholarly tradition; Gelug is particularly known for its emphasis on logic and debate and has biggest influence in Tibet after Tsongkhapa found it. Another common differentiation for Tibetan Buddhism is into "Red Hat" and "Yellow Hat" schools. Nyingma and Sakya are Red Hat; Kagyu is Black Hat while Gelug belongs to Yellow Hat.










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