Popular in Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia and Shaanxi regions, Qinqiang is also known as "Luan Tan" (乱弹, thrum), which means the singing is often accompanied by musicians twanging the strings of musical instruments casually or used light percussions arbitrary. Originated from folk songs and dances in ancient Shaanxi and Gansu Provinces and greatly developed in Xian, the old capital of China, Qinqiang drama is straightforward, rough, passionate with exaggerating and dramatic facial expressions, but also having delicate emotions that can move the audiences. Yi Su She introduced some performing styles in Beijing Opera, in which the singing sound is relatively softer.
Qinqiang can be regarded as the father of Chinese operas. Qin Drama, the name implies that it was from the Qin Dynasty (221 BC – 206 BC). It flourished in the Han and Tang Dynasties, became to have established its own singing styles during Yuan and Ming Dynasties, and spread to all over China in the Qing Dynasty.
Qinqiang drama stories are mostly telling about ancient resistance wars against foreign invaders, conflicts between the good and the bad and anti feudal suppressions. Every story touches the hearts of common people in China. Qinqiang also expresses straightforward, humorous, sincere and hard working characters of northwest people of China.
China is much emphasized in protecting the ancient intangible heritage. In 2006, the State Council enlisted Qinqiang to Chinese Intangible Cultural Heritage.
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