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Top 10 most amazing historical sites and museums in China



"China's most beautiful tourist destinations," promoted by Enjoy World Magazine (travel.sohu.com) and other media, has attracted over 1 million netizens. According to a poll result, 238 of the top destinations were chosen from 509 scenic spots in China.

Here, we will introduce Top 10 most amazing historical sites and museums in China. These 10 historical sites and museums all have their own unique charm.

1. The Museum of the Terracotta Army
 


The museum consists of three huge pits as well as the hall of the two bronze chariots and horses.
Travel Tips:
1). The museum has excellent services, providing wheel chairs for the people with disabilities, lounges for tourists, first aid services and tours in Chinese, English and Japanese.
2). One can bargain in the museum shops just like street vendors.
Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. (from Mar 16 - Nov 14);
8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. (from Nov 15 - Mar 15)
Admission: 90 yuan (high season); 65 yuan (low season);
Tel: +86-029-81399170 (complaint line);
120 (for first aid);
+86-029-81399170 (inquiries);
Getting There:
By Bus: You can take the green Terracota Warrior minibuses at the train station or bus No.306, 914, 915, 101. All cost 7 yuan and the ride takes about an hour.
Website: http://www.bmy.com.cn/template/gzb/index_en.aspx

2. The Forbidden City
 


Today the Forbidden City, a World Heritage site since 1987, still abounds with the sense of grandeur and wealth as it did in ancient times.
Travel tips:
1. At Meridian Gate, visitors can rent a multilingual walkman guide that introduces the history and architecture of the palace. The tape and player should be returned at the north gate of the Palace Museum upon exiting.
2. Don't forget to visit the Jingshan (Coal Hill) Park, opposite to the palace's north gate. From this location can see the splendid layout of the palace.
Hours: 8:00 a.m.- 4 p.m. (May-September); 8:30 a.m.- 3:30 p.m. (October-April);
Admission: 60 yuan/person (high season), 40 yuan/person (low season); Some of the museums have additional charges.
Tel: 86-10-65132255
Website: http://www.dpm.org.cn/english/default.asp
Getting There:
By Subway:
1. Take Line 1 and exit at Tian'anmen East;
2. Take the Loop Line and exit at Qianmen;
By Bus: Bus No. 1, 4, 5, 10, 20, 22, 52, 57, 802; The Forbidden City is within walking distance from Wangfujing, Xidan or Qianmen.

3. The Potala Palace
 


It combines the functions of a palace, castle and temple into one magnificent building
Travel Tips:
1. There are many taboos, for example, you can't wear a hat or take photos after entering the palace. Photos of the exterior of the palace are allowed.
2. Visits are limited to one hour at a time. There are no tourist accommodations inside the palace.
3. Discounts are available to certified teachers and students with ID.
4. No weapons or sharp objects, including knives and nail clippers are allowed on the palace grounds.
Hours: 9 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Admission: 100 yuan (Nov 1 - Apr 30); 200 yuan (May 1 - Oct 31)
Tel: +86-891-6822896 (administrative office)
Getting There:
By Taxi: One can get a taxi for about 10 yuan.
By Tricycle: One can catch a tricycle for about 3-5 yuan.

4. The Great Wall 


The Great Wall (长城) rises and falls with the contours of the mountains westwards, crossing nine provinces.
(1) Badaling Great Wall
Add: Yanqing County, 70 km from Beijing's city proper;
Tel: +86-10-69121235/69121338
Admission: 45 yuan;
Getting There:
By Bus: Tourist Bus No.s 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5; or Bus No. 919 from Deshengmen Bus Station;
By Car: Drive along the Badaling Expressway via Madian Overpass;
(2) Juyongguan Great Wall
Add: North of Changping, government seat of Changping District;
Tel: +86-10-69771665
Admission: 45 yuan;
Getting There:
By Bus: Bus No. 919 from Deshengmen; or Tourist Bus No.s 1-5;
By Car: Drive along the Badaling Expressway;
(3) Simatai Great Wall
Add: Gubeikou Town, Miyun County;
Tel: +86-10-69031051/69035025
Admission: 40 yuan;
Getting There:
By Bus: Tourist Bus No. 12 from Xuanwumen and Dongsi Shitiao; or take bus from Dongzhimen to Miyun and then change to a local bus or hire a taxi;
(4) Jinshanling Great Wall
Add: On the border between Beijing's Miyun County and Hebei's Luanping County.
Admission: 30 yuan;
How to get there: Take a bus from Dongzhimen to Miyun and then change to a local bus or hire a taxi.
(5) Mutianyu Great Wall
Add: Huairou District;
Tel: +86-10-61626873/61626022
Admission: 35 yuan;
Getting There:
By Bus: Tourist Bus No.6 from Xuanwumen, Qianmen and Dongsi Shitiao; or take Bus No.916 from Dongzhimen to Huairou, and then change to a local bus or hire a taxi (17 km);
(6)Jiankou Great Wall
Add: Northwest to Zhenzhuquan Village, Bohai Town, Huairou District;
Admission: 10 yuan;
Getting There:
By Bus:
1. Take tourist Bus No.6 from Xuanwumen, Qianmen and Dongsi Shitiao;
2. Take Bus No.916 from Dongzhimen to Huairou, and then change to a local bus or hire a taxi;
Warning: Tourists occasionally lose their bearings here. It is wise to recruit the services of a guide. The area is dangerous, so care should be taken.

5. San Kong (Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius)
 


Located in Qufu, Shandong Province, the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion are three important sites of Confucianism, which together are called "San Kong".
(1) Kong Family Mansion
Hours: 7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Admission: 60 yuan (Mar 1 - Nov 14)
150 yuan (for through ticket for Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius);
50 yuan (Nov 15 - Feb 28)
130 yuan (for through ticket for Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius);
Getting There: Take bus No.1, 3
(2) Confucius Temple
Hours: 7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Admission: 90 yuan (from Mar 1 - Nov 14)
150 yuan (for through ticket for Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius);
80 yuan (from Nov 15 - Feb 28)
130 yuan (for through ticket for Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius);
Getting There: Take bus No.1, 3
(3) Cemetery of Confucius
Hours: 7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Admission:
40 yuan (Mar 1 - Nov 14)
150 yuan (for through ticket for Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius);
30 yuan (from Nov 15 - Feb 28)
130 yuan (for through ticket for Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius);
Getting There: Take bus No.1, 3


6. Huaqing Hot Spring
 

Huaqing Hot Spring has four springs and the temperature of each hovers around 43 degrees centigrade at all times.
Travel Tips:
1) The best time to visit is in spring (from March to May) or in autumn (from September to November);
2) Students, soldiers, people with disabilities can get discount when you show your certificate;
Hours: 8 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Admission: 70 yuan (from April 1 – November 31)
40 yuan (from December 1 – March 31)
Getting There:
1) By Bus: Take bus No.914, 915, tourism bus No.5, 306 at the Railway Station Eastern Plaza and get off at the Huaqing Hot Spring stop;
2) By Car: You can drive from Xi'an to Huaqing Hot Spring via Xilin expressway, which will take only 30 minutes.

7. Sanxingdui Museum 


Sanxingdui Archaeological Site displays Baodun Culture from Ancient Shu and Jinsha Cultures, the earliest cultures recorded in the history of China.
Travel Tips:
Admission: 80 yuan (gallery ticket)
5 yuan (Garden ticket)
1. Ticket sales ends at 5 pm, so remember to buy the ticket before 5 pm.
2. Students, seniors, people with disabilities, and soldiers can get discount.
3. Children less than 1.2m (including 1.2m) can visit the museum for free.
4. For a guide one can pay 120 yuan at the reception desk in the comprehensive gallery.
Getting There:
1. Take a bus at Xinnanmen Bus Station in Chengdu, it runs twice a day, respectively 8:30 am and 3 pm (Tel: +86-28-85433609)
2. Take a bus at Chengbei Bus Station, the bus leaves every 15 minutes.
Hours: 8:30 am - 6 pm (first pavilion or comprehensive pavilion)
8:30 am - 6:30 pm (Second pavilion or bronze pavilion)
Tel: +86-838-5651550/5510349
Website: http://www.sxd.cn/en/index.html

8. Dujiangyan 


Dujiangyan, known as the most important heritage site under state-protection, is the oldest and the only preserved dam-free water diversion irrigation infrastructure in the world.
Pro-Tips:
1. July 24th from the lunar calendar, Dujiangyan holds many activities in Two Kings Temple including local operas.
2. Local snacks are very delicious, so don't miss it.
Admission: 90 Yuan
How to get there:
1. By Bus: You can take bus No.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 102, 103, 201 to Dujiangyan.
2. By Express Railway: take express railway from Chengdu City to Dujiangyan. The prices are from 5 yuan to 15 yuan.
3. Coach: take coach at Chengdu Chazidian Bus station and get off at Dujiangyan Passenger Center. The price is 16.5 yuan/person.

9. Xi'an Beilin Museum


The Xi'an Beilin Museum is home for steles and stone sculptures.
Pro-Tips:
1. Nearby to the museum, there is a Muslim street drum-tower which has delicious snacks.
2. The best time to visit is in the spring (March-May) or autumn (Septemeber-November.)
3. Students and soldiers receive a 50% discount on tickets. Guides cost 50 yuan.
Hours: 8 am - 6:45 pm (summer);
8 am - 6 pm (winter);
Admission: 45 yuan (high season);
Tel: +86-29-7210764
Add: No.15, Sanxue Road, Xi'an City
Getting There:
By Bus: Take bus No.14, 402, 512, 223, 704 or 208; or tourism bus No.6

10. Xi'an City Wall 


The existing wall was built between 1374 and 1378, making it over 600 years old. It is the oldest and most well preserved city wall in all of China.
Travel Tips:
Hours: East Gate, West Gate and North Gate: 8 am – 8 pm (May 1 – Oct 15)
8 am – 6 pm (Oct 16 – Apr 30);
Admission: 40 yuan
Tel: +86-29-87235701 (complaints);
+86-29-87272792 (if you need a tour guide, call this number)
Getting There:
By Bus: Take bus No. 6, 11, 12, 16, 23, 26, 29, 31, 35, 36, 40, 46, 203, 204, 208, 213, 215, 216, 302, 311, 321, 402, 405, 501, 502
Website: http://www.xacitywall.com/english.htm

Source: China.org.cn
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